The Debunker Among the Buffs

Fifty years after John F. Kennedy's assassination, another wave of conspiracy theories has arrived. One little-known professor has spent his last 20 years fighting the skeptics.

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Armando Sanchez for TIME

"I’m in the business of knowing how so much of what is said here is nonsense,” said John McAdams, a professor of political science at Marquette and student of the JFK assassination.

The air in Pittsburgh was wet, thick, and cold, nothing like the warm, clear conditions on that day in Dallas, the day that changed history, the day that nearly 50 years later had brought all these people here to solve the murder of the President.

“Tonight they can get us all in one drone strike,” Oliver Stone, who directed JFK, told a gathering of Kennedy assassination buffs one evening last month. “This is like going to a meeting of abolitionists in the 1850s. We know we’re all right. But our passion scares them.”

Everyone here at Duquesne University’s International Symposium on the 50th Anniversary of the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy agreed that Kennedy had been murdered, brazenly, brutally. But the old men on the dais and in the audience, with their tweedy getups and rapidly spreading bald spots, could not concur on who had done it and how and why. Maybe Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy. Maybe a second gunman had done it. Maybe he (or they) were acting on Castro’s orders, maybe on Hoover’s, maybe on Johnson’s. A lot of support coalesced around the CIA’s complicity. But who at the CIA would have had the President killed? And how?

Bobbing along like any other tern in this sea of skepticism and paranoia was John McAdams, a 68-year-old associate professor of political science at Marquette. McAdams looked like every anonymous student of the assassination: He, too, had tan pants, a briefcase, and silver hair atop a big head with prominent features. On the last day, before a full house, one speaker praised McAdams for having the guts to turn up. The speaker called for a sarcastic round of applause and then went on with his speech.

“That’s because I’m a debunker,” McAdams said afterward. “I debunk things. I’m in the business of knowing how so much of what is said here is nonsense.”

What an odd business that is for a 1964 graduate of Kennedy High School in Kennedy, Ala., who every so often finds himself attending conventions on Kennedy’s assassination. Though he’s no academic star, McAdams has secured his own kind of prominence by devoting much of his adult life to calling nonsense on the most persistent strain of doubt in U.S. history.

***

A few hundred of McAdams’s usual antagonists had traveled to Pittsburgh to hear the likes of Oliver Stone and Cyril Wecht assail the Warren Commission, the blue-ribbon panel Lyndon Johnson charged immediately after the assassination with uncovering the truth. In September 1964, the panel fingered Oswald as the gunman whose bullets, fired from a 6.5mm Carcano rifle perched on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository, had wounded Texas Gov. John Connally and killed Kennedy. No outsider had influenced him; he acted alone. Case closed, as one well-known book would put it later.

But the intervening 49 years had done little to dull skepticism of the report among the broader public: A 2009 CBS News poll said that only 10 percent of Americans believe Oswald acted alone. By the assassination buffs’ accounting, the commission’s research was slipshod or, worse, a deliberate fiction, a murderous and omnipotent cabal’s hoodwinking of the American public by way of incompetent investigators with establishment credentials. They want the case reopened.

At the conference, this battle often played out in third-person plural pronouns. They don’t want the truth to come out. We do. They killed Kennedy. We will solve the crime. “We represent the majority, and we are a hell of a strong majority,” the conference’s founder, Dr. Cyril Wecht, told the audience. “We need to get this case reopened.”

It was easy to get swept up in the spirit of the thing. The assassination seemed sufficiently distant to allow big historical thinking yet recent enough that its shockwaves lingered, and not just among those who remember Camelot fondly. Files Edward Snowden gave to the Washington Post revealed that the CIA requested $14.7 billion in spending for 2013, far more than outside analysts had speculated. Kennedy was famously quoted as telling an official of his administration in 1961 that he wanted “to splinter the CIA into a million pieces and scatter it to the winds.” He feared the ascendant crypto-governmental national-security interests that thrive to this day. And then he was dead. So all of us had to get to the bottom of this.

***

As with Kennedy’s war against his own military leaders, McAdams has, since entering this world more than 20 years ago, quarreled with the vast majority of his fellow buffs. He runs one of the most thorough and popular websites on the assassination and manages a busy forum for buffs, the alt.assassination.jfk newsgroup. He matches or exceeds his opponents in intensity. But why? To the Warren Commission doubters, there’s a murder — of the leader of the free world — in need of solving. To McAdams? That’s a little trickier.

He grew up in rural Kennedy — which went for the same-named Democrat in 1960 — and afterward headed to the University of Alabama, during Joe Namath’s heyday. McAdams studied sociology and made “fairly mediocre grades” outside his major. After graduating, he taught high school, and even got a master’s, but he really wanted to teach college students and work with data. So off he went to graduate school for political science (“I applied to Harvard, because that had a nice sound to it”), and then to Marquette, where he’s been since 1981. He published for a while on voter behavior and death-penalty policy, but the journal articles stopped about 15 years ago. He moved on to the JFK assassination, a fringe topic in scholarship but one on which he published a book and still teaches a course. “That’s the nice thing about academia,” he said. “We get to ride our hobbyhorses a bit.”

He’s married with three children. But all have grown and long since left home — he’s a grandfather of three, too — which leaves him with lots of vacant hours. He spends some of them reading about military history and contemporary politics.

But mostly McAdams likes to read and write about the Kennedy assassination, which is to say he likes to brawl. He fights with his fellow buffs on the newsgroups, over email (both in personal conversations and on a private 50-person listserv; the founder, Paul Hoch, says McAdams loves to badger his opponents), in print (JFK Assassination Logic: How to Think about Claims of Conspiracy came out in 2011), in his classroom, and, should the right moment arise at one of these every-so-often confabs, in person. “He’s got that Irish combativeness,” said Max Holland, a contributing editor to The Nation and a fellow Warren Commission defender. And McAdams is indefatigable.

Holland had invited McAdams to come with him to Pittsburgh so that neither lone-gunman man would find himself alone. When McAdams went to his first JFK conference held in Washington in 1995, he went under the assumed identity of Paul Nolan, “manager of a computer store in Sherwood, Wis.,” because he thought he would face too much heat under his own name. He outed himself to the buffs at a luncheon on the last day, and said his disclosure was warmly received.

Yet McAdams’s antagonists have forever seen the story from the D.C. conference as just one sign of the disingenuousness and subterfuge they find in his work. He’s “a self-contained ambulatory propaganda model,” said Jim DiEugenio, the researcher who asked for applause for McAdams at the conference.

“I really don’t trust anything he says,” said Gary Aguilar, a San Francisco ophthalmologist and assassination researcher. (He and McAdams had a nasty battle on the CompuServe message boards in 1995.)

Lisa Pease, a researcher based in Los Angeles, said that McAdams struck her as so tireless, and so illogical, that someone must be paying him to make his case. Naturally, she looks at his by-the-book conservative views, proclaimed disinterest, and his ties to government-funded research organizations, and thinks, well, CIA. For the record, McAdams says he has never been in the CIA — “Those people think the CIA cares a lot about them. It does not!” — and that he’s just an even-keeled hobbyist who processes the facts and reaches the most natural conclusion, which, at this point, is that Oswald killed the President.

John F. Kennedy's flag-draped casket lies in state in Washington, D.C., November 1963.

Stan Wayman / Time & Life Pictures / Getty Images

John F. Kennedy’s flag-draped casket lies in state in Washington, D.C., November 1963. More LIFE photos from the funeral

***

Every momentous event in American history comes with its own corresponding conspiracy theory. They faked the moon landing. Edwin M. Stanton, Abraham Lincoln’s secretary of war, put John Wilkes Booth up to it. Barack Obama was cloned from the DNA of an Egyptian pharaoh, or born in Kenya. Or both!

As rich as the American tradition of conspiracy theories is the sociological tradition of trying to understand why people believe them. Richard Hofstadter’s The Paranoid Style in American Politics is the genre’s ne plus ultra. Hofstadter, writing in 1964, identifies right-wingers driven by rage as responsible for most of the era’s otherwise inexplicable political movements (McCarthyism and the John Birch Society). Any observer of American culture can follow this thread through to the present-day acolytes of conspiracy-geysers Glenn Beck and Alex Jones.

But the Warren Report skeptics fit another mold. They’re sorrowful, not angry. “If only Kennedy had lived,” begin so many of their idle thoughts. Kennedy would never have escalated the war in Vietnam; he would never have let 60,000 American soldiers and countless civilians die in Southeast Asia. They believe he would have defused Cold War tensions and shrunken the American nuclear arsenal. They believe he really would have scattered the CIA to the winds.

You will find precisely none of that in the Warren Report, which builds its case instead with an inquiry into forensics and Oswald’s background, like any other criminal investigation. It’s horribly unthinkable, what the commission contends — that a confused, strange man with a mail-order rifle could, acting on his own, reorient American history. Surely the universe contains more order and meaning.

The whole business of doubting the Warren Commission began before there even was a Warren Commission, with one memorandum passed between White House staffers on the day of Kennedy’s interment at Arlington. Nicholas Katzenbach, who was functioning as Johnson’s attorney general, wrote White House special assistant Bill Moyers, “The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin; that he had no confederates who are still at large; and that evidence was such that he would have been convicted at trial.” Johnson empaneled the Warren Commission four days later.

The memo did not surface until 1978, but perhaps the delay suited the skeptics even better: Those who already believed that someone had covered up a conspiracy now had evidence that the highest powers in government had considered the benefits of something that looked a great deal like a cover-up. And they had done so less than 24 hours after the blast from Jack Ruby’s .38 Colt Cobra had killed Oswald. Oswald had told police he was “just a patsy.”

Add a House committee report, which concluded Kennedy had “probably been assassinated as result of a conspiracy,” and the Zapruder film — which was in 1975 broadcast on national television for the first time, showing Kennedy’s head exploding and lurching backward, thanks to a bullet presumably not fired from behind him  — and the skeptics had the meat for all kinds of compelling conspiracy theories.

The spice, though, took a decade longer to arrive. Jim Garrison, the New Orleans district attorney who attempted to bring charges against figures he believed to be involved in the assassination, published his third book, On the Trail of the Assassins, in 1988. Three years later, Stone turned Garrison’s book into a movie that grossed over $200 million and was nominated for eight Oscars.

He wanted only to make a political thriller. Instead he started a movement. Stone’s detractors claimed the movie handled the evidence unfairly and exhumed a moment in American history that ought to have remained buried. But Kevin Costner’s vivid portrayal of a dogged Garrison resonated with so many that Congress passed the JFK Records Act in 1992. The JFK Records Act spawned the Assassination Records Review Board, which released over three million once-classified pages to the National Archives within the next six years.

And the silver-screen drama mobilized the rank-and-file, too. Dozens of all-the-way grown men — the type who would groan having to take their granddaughters to see the newest boy band — huddled around Stone after his talk at the conference to pose for cellphone selfies. More than half of the attendees I talked to credited Stone’s movie with sparking their freelance quests for the truth about the events of Nov. 22, 1963. Even John McAdams did.

Jacques Lowe captured this portrait of the Kennedys with their daughter, Caroline, during his first session with the family in the summer of 1958.

Estate of Jacques Lowe

Jacques Lowe captured this portrait of the Kennedys with their daughter, Caroline, during his first session with the family in the summer of 1958. Read more about Jacques Lowe’s Rare (And Recently Restored) Photos at JFK on LightBox.

***

Let’s put aside for now the people who believe he’s Langley’s stooge. McAdams’s critics still have a point, at least on one count: What could this man possibly want with JFK? He’s not a historian; he’s a political scientist. He had no particular admiration for Kennedy, or really any president, during his formative years: “I wasn’t a huge admirer of anybody, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon. I sort of liked Ford.”

So, looking for answers, I decided to take the debunker for a spin. You know, I’ve been won over by a lot of what I’ve heard this weekend. Oswald had so many connections to this world.

“What kind of connections?” he asks.

Well, the CIA was watching him—

“Careful, careful!” he says. “I see it this way: Oswald did some things that created bureaucratic documents. He goes to Moscow and defects. So that creates some documents. The documents end up in the CIA’s files. Then he re-defects, and that creates some more documents. FBI interviews him, that creates some documents. He has a run-in with anti-Castro Cubans in New Orleans, that creates some documents. He has a file, there’s no doubt about it.” But the buffs want people to believe the CIA had agents who were obsessed with Oswald, and that, he said, is bunkum.

I tried him on a handful of other topics; each time, he laughed me off and said his opinion on what happened at Dealey Plaza had not shifted one bit.

McAdams doesn’t see any great stakes here. To him, it’s all sport. “It’s a hobby. Shouldn’t it be fun?”

But fun was not the conference’s dominant mode. Darkness — think of this great dead man, his fatherless children, the nation’s shattered hopes, and the sinister conspirators who got away with it — hung over it all. The Warren doubters want to slice through that pall by bringing the coup d’état’s perpetrators to justice.

The commission’s defenders want — well, what do they want? Some, like Max Holland, consider the further perpetuation of conspiracy theories a nuisance to the republic. McAdams doesn’t think that way. Instead he finds his thrills and his power in his ability to disillusion a new generation, to pass the torch, as it were. There was no conspiracy. This young president had promise (although not as much as you think!), and one reckless man killed him. Sometimes that’s what happens. His vision was even darker than the presenters’.

On the last day of the conference, Lisa Pease, the researcher from Los Angeles, came up to McAdams, the man she called a CIA plant, to give him a hug. He was taken aback by her friendliness.

“John,” she told him. “I’m here because of what you did. Everything you did and said to me on those message boards was so mean and nasty. I probably would have moved on otherwise, but I just couldn’t let you win.”

McAdams smiled and said, “I think we’ve all ruined each other’s lives.”

62 comments
JimPhelps
JimPhelps

LBJ was the Texas Mason's "Lap Dog" and he received tons of money from Mason Clint Murchison and the Houston Lamar Hotel "8F" Masonic gang. Plots to hit JFK had been defeated in Miami, Florida on Nov 18, and in Chicago. It was now or never for the Masons to use their get out of jail free card with Mason backer LBJ. RFK had a magazine expose exposing LBJ as a criminal and when that became public, LBJ would be ousted from office and lost to their uses. So, it was a fever pitch to kill JFK in Dallas and for lots of Masons to escape the hangman's noose.


JFK had detected the Masonic scam by Mason Dulles of the CIA, trying to sucker in JFK via the Bay of Pigs to incite war with Russia, which soon became the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Cuban Missile Crisis almost caused a nuclear war that the corrupt Masons wanted, as the US state Dept was helping cause potential for war via blocking JFK communications with Russia. Only via JFK using backwater communications with Khrushchev did the Cuban Missile Crisis not result in a nuclear war. It came so close, that the Russians and US set up the "Red Phone" direct line between each other to keep any kind of state Dept attempts to keep each side from speaking directly to each other. 

That Mason and English Royalist's plan did not work, but JFK and RFK were finding the Mafia was protected by the FBI and various law agencies and they were looking at Mason Hoover to be next for the head chop to be removed from Govt. service. The extremist Masons on JFK's own JCS were causing him all manner of attacks for being a communist, and the worst were Mason Curtis LeMay is basically a Canadian Mason that is more protective of the English Royalists than the other Joint Chiefs. As JFK added two and two that the "Dallas Nut Country" set up the Sen. Joe McCarthy "Red Scare", the money going to Mason Clint Murchison was an evil that had to be cut off by ending the Oil Depletion Allowance. Then JFK had an even bigger Mason target on his back to be eliminated at any cost. That effort formed with the Y-12 connections with Ray Tucker, Sr. to Dallas Mafia Jack Ruby, then to Dallas Mason Clint Murchison, and Mason Guy Banister and the New Orleans kill Castro types of David Ferrie and Marcello Mafia that were becoming exposed as opposing JFK's affairs of state for peace with Communism. Not only that being exposed, but the alliance set up by the US Army with the Mafia and the protections of the Mafia via FBI Masons like Hoover and others in high places.

Everything the Masons plotted or planned to undermine a Catholic President were about to come crashing down on their collective "deceit and treachery" for treason against Americans. The Y-12 plotters helping the Mafia's David Ferrie, and Lee Oswald's handler FBI Mason Guy Banister was coming to the attention of JFK. Y-12 wanted Jobs and Mason Curtis LeMay offered lots of bomb making jobs for decades. So, the Y-12 Masons could well use that the former USAEC head, John McCone was now the CIA head and would protect them from discovery. John McCone, who was a "Knight of Malta" type, supported the former CIA Mason Allan Dulles and Curtis LeMay plans to make war with Communists using any Operation Northwoods technique around and their favorite technique was to set up a Catholic President to causing a nuke war. Then the Masons could say it was the evil Catholics that caused the war, and come in with deceit and treachery to say they save the day after the nuke war. It was John McCone that stated that US was not buying the "Lone Nut Shooter" in Dallas as to why JFK was killed, and the European press was basically calling it all a fabricated lie. So, it was John McCone that stated to Mason Hoover and LBJ that something more had to be done to White Wash the JFK assassination, which would blow the cover of the Masonic efforts to control the US and start a war to obliterate Communism for the Royalist's bankers.

JimPhelps
JimPhelps

JFK detected that he was being run over by CIA Mason Allan Dulles over the escalation for the Bay of Pigs invasion to commit war crime invasions of other countries, which would have potential to set off a war with Russia. The Masons of the JCS were trying to start a war with Russia and that could become the trigger they Needed, and they were more than interested in setting up and using a Catholic President to get that done.. Masons Curtis LeMay and Lyman Lemnitzer were behind this push. Russia was well behind the US in nuclear weapons parity, so the JCS envisioned the Russians would just give in and the US Oligarch wanting the end of Communism would be overcome. As it came to pass, JFK was much smarter and fired Mason Allan Dulles and JFK well knew where his problems were coming from on making peace dividend deals to have peaceful coexistence with Russia. JFK was a chip off the old blocks of both Joe and FDR in political aspirations for peace.


So, as part of this stab in the back process to presidents, comes Lee Oswald working for these Texas Masonic elite fringe elements seeing the end of Peace talks between Eisenhower and Khrushchev. This gets accomplished when the Russians improve the range for their missiles and shoot down Gary Powers, so then the Cold War tensions can mount into the Cuban Missile Crisis, where the Catholic being set up dodged that bullet. So, when LHO comes back to the US he quickly gets plugged into the next game to take out something Communistic. The target is Castro and the method is using radiation and a lung cancer virus that is worked up in New Orleans via connections with Alton Oscher's ideas and Mary Sherman and this connected with David Ferrie and using mice to develop the cancer virus. Problem was this was being helped by Masonic controlled Oak Ridge and Lee Oswald came to Oak Ridge in the Summer of 1963 to gain ideas and help, and he went to visit the USAEC's Atomic Museum and attracted much FBI attention when he signed the Guest Registry. Then he became suspect because he became visible. So, the next set-up came into play and that was sell LHO as a Russian Dissident that was sent by Russia to kill JFK and in that way start a war with Russia.

Oak Ridge's Y-12 was well connected with the extremist factions in Dallas by a person named Ray Tucker, Sr., who worked for the Y-12 plant at that time. Ray Tucker, Sr. went to High School in Chicago with Jacob Rubenstein and they both moved to Dallas around the same time. Jacob Rubenstein did a quick name change to Jack Ruby, as the Chicago mob to which he was connected wanted to kill him for too much drug pushing involvement exposing organized crime there too much. So, Mafia controller Meyer Lanski helped move Jewish Jack Ruby down to work for Carlos Marcello's drug running and other rackets from New Orleans, and Jack Ruby was assigned to Dallas. The alliance of Ray Tucker, Sr. with Jack Ruby in Dallas and thus JFK hating Carlos Marcello in New Orleans gave Y-12 the connections to start up the turning of interests in killing Castro toward killing JFK and installing Mason good ole boy LBJ.

JimPhelps
JimPhelps

Masons, Royalists, and their Quest for Empire via Deceit and Treachery, or how America was slowly taken from within by Greedy and Sociopath Oligarchs. The take over and exploitation of the US has taken place like a creeping crud and it started somewhat from continuation of unresolved issues from the Civil War. The Civil War spawned the Scottish Rite Masons via English Royalist Albert Pike. Such set up an insurgence group that acts like the present day NATO Gladio type operations in Europe. England's Masons formed as a secret way to oppose the Catholic Irish using signs, codes, handshakes and used as a supplanted spy force. England was into exploitation of Black peoples using Liverpool's bankers and the Atlantic Triangle Shipping Trade.


As a result of the repression of Blacks in the US, the Masons did not allow Black persons in the Scottish Rite, so the Black persons chartered their own Black Masons referred to as the Prince Hall Masons. Prince Hall Masons came to represent a power and center for changes for Black persons in the US in the early 1900s. This set a huge rift between the Segregation Selling Scottish Rite and the Equal Rights and Freedom seeking Prince Hall Masons. The issues would rise to become involved in backing MLK in what was called Peaceful Protest methods. These Peaceful Protest methods were taught to MLK and Rosa Parks in Tennessee, as the Highlanders Folk School that was located in Monteagle, Tennessee. Soon the White Masons would term the Highlanders as a Communist Organization and the Masonic led Corrupt FBI's Hoover would be calling MLK as Communist and then on up to JFK was Communist. Mason Hoover close relationship with Dallas Mason Clint Murchison was the formation of those that hated Blacks, hated a Catholic JFK, and embellish hate toward JFK, while backing LBJ for protecting the Oil Depletion Allowance. LBJ was the Mason's man and JFK was the one they wanted killed in the same way as English Wars against Catholic Ireland.

In the mid 1900s, English Colonialism was coming out of vogue because Mason FDR came up with "Four Freedoms" insights to allow all countries to allow free choice. English Royalists hated FDR for opposing them, as FDR wanted partnerships with Russia and Stalin after WWII. FDR was onto the English bankers methods to control the US stock markets and take take take from US investors. FDR installed a Catholic named Joe Kennedy to stop the Oligarchic Wealth of the Royals from crashing the US stock markets. FDR eventually placed Joe Kennedy as US Ambassador to the UK, and Joe Kennedy was pulling more for Hitler than Churchill. So, Joe Kennedy had to be recalled. In the process of Joe and family living in England and his kids like JFK watching the German run up to WWII, JFK had an uncommon greatc understanding of Royalists wants for control and how the money systems worked to take over countries using ways of banking wealth and corporations to buy the local elect. Germany's IG Farben was modeled on that concept, but was backing Hitler.

One of the problems in WWII was the Germans were needed for their skills in machinery and technology and they could not be locked up like the Japanese in Concentration Camps. So, as some suggest sabotage of a ship in New York harbor the US Army via a Ralph M. Lockhart, set up a protection for the Mafia if they would detect and kill any Germans around New York's ports and any Germans looking around the Super Secret Manhattan Project that was being done in downtown New York and Columbia University. This set that stage for the marriage of the US Military with the Mafia criminal organization and then using the Masonic Networks within the FBI and soon to come CIA to protect even admitting that the Mafia existed by the FBI Leading Mason Hoover.

This would set up huge problems as RFK was looking for the Organized Crime issues and got the news from the Valachi admissions, that then opened the gate to the detection of the corruption of the FBI's Mason Hoover. Then Mason Dulles took over the CIA and soon the Mafia was being used in various countries to kill off the political opposition to the corporate control of the countries they wanted to exploit and come to own the politicians. This was the formula for success for when the US companies took over Cuba and owned the fruit production, installed refineries, allowed the Mafia to come in an run gambling and tourist trades, and they came to corrupt and Own Batista. This is what the CIA wanted all across the lower Americas as their formula for success. The CIA as implement was only supposed to be the intelligence arm for the US President, but the CIA secrecy and Masonic corruption led to it being used for wet operations to kill off political opponents.


JimPhelps
JimPhelps

When one learns of those with a Penchant for Treason to gain greater power over the US using Secret Society methods, one understands a war for rights and freedoms between Prince Hall Masons and White Supremacist bigoted Scottish Rite Segregation Forever Southerners. Recall that Andy Griffith spoke to the Southerners killed JFK, and this is the association. Southern Scottish Rite Masons took over the US from within via the extremist Mason factions in Dallas, Texas in 1963.


The Race War between Prince Hall and Scottish Rite had to be won at any cost and this included the use of United Fruit as a CIA asset to bring in tons of addictive drugs from Central and South America to disrupt Black American's using drug addition. Huge reward came to the Criminal underworld secret society, like that of Carlos Marcello, for services rendered in the collaborative Secret Society killing of their mutual problem JFK.

The Mafia had great designs on Cuba as a way to get many of their operations out of the US and to a degree go Legit. Eastern Mafia Mogul Meyer Lansky poured all kinds of money into Cuba to build a luxury Riviera Hotel in Havana. Gambling would be a major operation in Cuba and the Cuban Govt supported it and took a cut. Cuba would become a Las Vegas like Mafia owned operation and get their bases of operation outside the systems of US Laws that was cracking down on Mafia operations. Batista was bought off and corrupted, just as Carlos Marcello bought off and corrupted most all of Louisiana Police and Politicians. Carlos Marcello, nor the corrupt Masons, could not buy off New Orleans Prosecutor named Jim Garrison. Garrison learned the Mason and former FBI Chicago Chief Guy Banister almost killed his Investigator, Jack Martin, by a pistol whipping over knowing too much about his Masonic connections to the JFK hit.

It appears in an interview of Jack Martin that he never told Jim Garrison about the special Secret Society issues of the FBI and Guy Banister. Banister died in 1964, but for those that know the CIA office was in the New Orleans Masonic Lodge and Office building at Lafayette Square, it became obvious as to the secret relationships. Mason Banister used the CIA office at the Masonic Building to gather special CIA jobs for disgraced pilot and defrocked Catholic Priest David Ferrie. One can see the anti-Catholic issues forming that identified with Masonic hate for Catholics in that time. That Catholic Hate went into overdrive as the New Pope in the Summer of 1963 sought friendship with Communist Countries. David Ferrie was a right had man for Carlos Marcello and a large part of the brains that wanted Cuba back under Mafia access. Lee Harvey Oswald was right in the middle of this Mafia and Secret Society effort to get Cuba and Kill Castro. Most suggest that the idea for using radiation and cancer virus was brought up by New Orleans Doctor named Alton Oschner and the CIA and Govt. Secret Society Mason fringe efforts got behind this idea to kill Castro and make it look like lung cancer. Oschner had connections to big oil and back to Dallas via HL Hunt.

JFK was shutting down all these fringe elements in Louisiana that were going after Castro, and the JFK leadership had to force FBI Mason Hoover to shut down one of those operations near Lake Pontchartrain. This angered the Mafia and the anti-communist Masons. The Mafia and the Masons, as secret societies in collaboration, were interfering with JFK designs for peace with Russia and Cuba. The Kennedy Adm had Carlos Marcello deported to Guatemala because he lied about his country of origin, which was Tunisia. Tunisia was next to French Algeria that just was freed to become Communist. JFK was becoming a big time enemy of the Mafia, most exceptionally so in New Orleans. That hate was easy to exploit by corrupt FBI Masons like Guy Banister via his connections with David Ferrie to Marcello. Jim Garrison has David Ferrie in his sights as being a prime "Person of Interest" in the JFK hit, but David Ferrie suddenly dies and his best connection into the JFK hit evaporates. Mason Guy Banister is dead in 64. David Ferrie dead on 2-22-67. Lee Oswald dead in 63. Even Jack Ruby, Carlos Mafia lieutenant, is dead in 1-3-67. Most all the prime witnesses that know the secret society connections of the Mafia collaboration with the Masons are snuffed out, but the connections are easy to find in retrospect and become very very obvious. Jim Garrison's efforts began in Dec 66 with the tips of Jack Martin, and all these subsequent snuff deaths of Ferrie and Ruby came in fast succession due to those wanting to silence any witnesses to Mafia and Mason associations.

JimPhelps
JimPhelps

Everyone wonders how the JFK hit involved Big Oil, Anti-Communism, Civil Rights, the Mil/Ind Network, and the Mafia all connect to the JFK hit. The special connections are hidden threads of Secret Society that JFK was kicking out of various places in US Govt. to restore American's Freedom and Independence and harvest a "Peace Dividend" for Everyone.

It is not hard at all to see these shadow Govt types that infiltrated the various agencies who wanted JFK dead and to put in aTexas Criminal Johnson with a get out of jail free Mason Card. The US was taken over from within by Masonic connected thugs in high places and the US Citizen exploited for wars and profit.

JFK was after peace with Russia and that basically meant no Cold War nuclear weapons jobs for Oak Ridge and the Oak Ridge Mason connections are large and the common ground is Mason Dulles was kicked out of the CIA and the then Director for the USAEC was plugged into the CIA leadership spot.

The USAEC was "Over" Oak Ridge and they were backed by Masonic Joint Chiefs like Masons Curtis LeMay and Lyman Lemnitzer. JCS Mason LeMay was pushing hard for nuclear weapons build up and lots of money for Oak Ridge and JFK was going in the total opposite direction and wanting a Peace Dividend, which would cut the profits to the War Mongering Mil/Ind Network down to the bone. Oak Ridge saw its death written on the wall.

JFK also landed right in the middle of integration movement and being a person of reason started listening to Black Americans needs and supporting Martin Luther King, whose office was in the Prince Hall Masonic building in Atlanta. JFK landed in the battle, often led by Prince Hall Black Freedoms over the oppressive Southern Scottish Rite White Masons demanding "segregation forever".

In 1963, Texas and the political money there was huge from big oil profits and the major players were HL Hunt and his Dallas Masonic Banker Clint Murchison. The public PR game to make the "Red Scare" get into the public's view was funded by Mason Murchison giving money to Senator Joe McCarthy. Texas invented the Communist threat and they were some of the most militant anti-Civil Rights extremists around. That put JFK in the Masonic Cross hairs as he kept not backing the Mil / Ind Networks want for a nuclear WWIII to stamp out Russian Communism forever. The entire Masonic South was up in Arms over forced integration and JFK forced the militant Mason George Wallace's hand. The Catholic JFK was becoming universally hated by Southern Scottish Rite Masons and they had a long reach to draw in a Massive Secret Society Conspiratorial effort to have JFK killed and replaced with Texas Good Ole Boy Mason backer LBJ.

To find the common thread all one does is look for the Masonic Elements that hated JFK, and Communism, and Blacks. Do that down in New Orleans and the search finds Lee Harvey Oswald's handler is a Mason named Guy Banister. He was the FBI Station Chief for Chicago and down in New Orleans he is running over to the Masonic Office building on Lafayette Square to find CIA jobs for David Ferrie.

Down in New Orleans the Mafia is very interested in getting Cuba back from Castro and the Mafia and CIA renegades are doing everything they can do to knock off Castro. The big game in the Middle 60s was to use a radiation source to weakening Castro's immune system and then get him inject with a cancer virus by a converted doctor. Oak Ridge Masons were right in the middle with helping Lee Oswald with that project in New Orleans and Oswald even shows up in Oak Ridge in mid-summer of 1963.

The JFK folks found out that this was happening and places like Oak Ridge were going down hard for interference in Affairs of State.

BobFranklin2001
BobFranklin2001

John McAdams is a purveyor of equine leavings out of his little road-apple stand; his only customers those who are either too foolish or else too new to the case & the specifics of it. The more he kicks against a researcher or an idea, the more likely there's some veracity involved there. He makes an outstanding reverse-barometer. Simply take any statement coming out of his mouth & run it in reverse bias for the truth, or something extremely close to it.

rayglo
rayglo

Right on!  Obviously, Oswald was the lone gunman.  Classic case of Occam's Razor.

RamonFHerrera
RamonFHerrera

[John McAdams:]  "I’m in the business of knowing how so much of what is said here is nonsense.”

You've got that right, professor McAdams. You may claim to be in different businesses, a wide variety of them, but the one thing we can assure is that you are not interested in the truth. You are not in that crucial business.


Note: The above comment got me banned from the JFK Usenet Forum by the professor. The man clearly lacks the character to moderate a forum of that nature.


chrism_68
chrism_68

It really seems like even 50 years out most "journalists" would rather side with the Warren Commission.  That is interesting to me.  I have two words for anyone who supports the Warren Commission.  Two words they have to explain:  Jack Ruby.  If you honestly can look at Jack Ruby and say there was no one else involved, no mafia and CIA, well hats off to you.  I think that alone is the most glaring, smoking gun.  But once you start digging deeper, it gets darker and darker indeed.

rayglo
rayglo

@chrism_68 LOL. Ruby wasn't connected with the mob, the CIA, Martians, or anything else. He was simply angry that Oswald had killed Kennedy.  Simple isn't it when you just look at issues logically?

JTFloore
JTFloore

@chrism_68 in one of the current documentaries, someone said: "if jack ruby was sent to shut up Oswald, then why wasn't anyone sent to shut up ruby?"


MichaelCohen1
MichaelCohen1

I see that the mass media is determined to shove that Warren Commission Report down our throats.  All the cable shows are pro commission or 'one nut' theory. I have not seen one program this time attacking the Report.  All we hear about is about is Oswald, Oswald, Oswald.  Yet up to 70% of the public does not believe in this report. We are supposed to live in  Democracy where majority rules, but not in the case of the assassination. The Warren Commission is complete fiction, from end to end of its 26 books.

I believe Kennedy was our last real president.  After him we are ruled by the military industrial complex who choose the president.

JTFloore
JTFloore

@MichaelCohen1 the reason so many americans do not believe the warren commission report is because they are aware of only snippets of facts and actually know very little about the report and the related details. in one of dan rather's comments on one of the current documentaries, he remarks, in effect, "every time cbs looked at the kennedy assassination, we tried to find someone else who did it, but the facts kept pointing back to Oswald." this notion that everyone -- literally thousands of people -- in the "news media" is part of some grand conspiracy to cover up the facts of the assassination is utterly ludicrous. it's absurd. it's preposterous.

the current cnn documentary on the assassination makes it very clear that Oswald was nuts. he was recommended for psychiatric counseling when he was around 12 but apparently did not get it. he tried to kill himself in Russia. and more than one of the people who knew him well said he very much wanted to do something -- anything -- for which he would be remembered in history for 1,000 years. by assassinating jfk, he may well have accomplished that.


FrankDeBenedictis
FrankDeBenedictis

I essentially like your post, even though I feel you are a little paranoid, esp. in the last sentence. There was a House committee that came to a different conclusion to the Warren Commission, and that is something the mainstream press ignores. All they ever do is compare the 'buffs' to the 'wise men' of the Warren Commission. There were establishment figures dubbed wise men in the past, but they were statesmen who among other things implemented Cold War containment You never hear them refer to Warren Committee members as wise men, even when they defend their conclusions--ad nauseum.

SusanNunes
SusanNunes

The best book out there debunking the flat-earthers, as I call the conspiracy crackpots and con artists, is Conspiracy of One by Jim Moore.  He demolishes those conspiracy theories with the greatest of ease.

Shame on anybody believing conspiracy nonsense.

rayglo
rayglo

@SusanNunes Totally agree. The conspiracy theories have been totally disproved.  Anyone who believes this trash probably also believes that 9/11 was a conspiracy.  There are always going to paranoiacs out there.

chrisdorhn
chrisdorhn

Please explain how hundreds of people can conspire to murder JFK.  How thousands can conspire to cause 9/11.  Yet, yet the most powerful man in America, the most ruthless President in history, can't coverup a simple break-in?

RamonFHerrera
RamonFHerrera

Mr. Dorhn:

How many hundreds of thousands of similar contradictions do you want?

You see the events of the world in a very long line, from "easy to hide" all the way to "impossible to cover up". Nicely aligned.

I hate to be the one to tell you that the real world has more than one dimension.


janewtodd
janewtodd

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WalterAdams
WalterAdams

All of you Rubes have it dead wrong.
You keep going back to 1963; this happened and that happened and he did this and they did that in 1963.
You've got the wrong year.
If you want to know the truth about Kennedy you have to go back to 1939.
When Kennedy was shot they took him to Parkland Hospital on Harry Hines Blvd.
Harry Hines runs west to State Hwy. 114.
114 runs west by north up ro Bridgeport and DECATUR.
When I was a kid people used to call Harry Hines - the Decatur Road.
In 1939, in "Gone With the Wind" Rhett Butler saves Ashley and friends from a Yankee ambush and brings them back to Melanies house by way of Belle Watlins. Ashley is wounded and laid on the bed.
While everyone is busy gathering bandages and such, Scarlett is sitting on the bed making moon eyes at Ashley. Rhett is watching her.
Rhett; "Aren't you concerned about your own husband, Mrs. Kennedy?"
Scarlett; "I suppose he's down at Belle Watlins, drunk."
Rhett; "No, he's lying out on Decatur road, shot through the head."

oldblue125
oldblue125

shame on you time magazine. shame on you. you could have given all that space to someone who actually knows what they are talking about re: jfk's assassination – someone like john armstrong, douglas horne, vince palamara, john newman, etc. in fact, i am hereby challenging you to do so. until then shame on you for betraying the public trust.

ericsaunders
ericsaunders

John McAdams was once written up in local paper for slandering a respected radiologist as a drug addict and a pedophile.  He also went to a conference under an assumed identity where he talked to a reporter and the reporter used this sock puppet identity to trash the conference goers.  He has been caught red-handed spreading disinformation that he knew to be disinformation.  In sum, he is a loathsome Establishment propagandist.  Come to think of it, I am surprised TIME hasn't offered the guy a job.

ShawnDisney
ShawnDisney

All this energy would be more useful if directed to the much more obvious  WTC affair.  No amount of burning jet fuel, drapery , office supplioes etc, could possibly melt steel.  But the implications are really important, today.  

WalterAdams
WalterAdams

@ShawnDisney 
"And it goes like it goes,
LIke a river it flows
And time keep rolling on
And sometimes whats good
Gets a little bit better
And sometimes whats bad
Gets gone."

WalterAdams
WalterAdams

“It’s a hobby. Shouldn’t it be fun?”
Delightful read. It's nice to know that ever once in a while a sane man wanders through the crowd.
The odd thing is this; conspiracy buffs can't accept that One inconsequential nothing of a man can have such a monstrous impact, and yet, that is precisely the hope that drives them; the belief that all the experts and officials can be wrong, and they, mostly folks of no great accomplishment, can uncover the one anomoly, the missed connection, the overlooked piece of evidence that will reveal the hidden truth to all the world.
Who knows?
Stranger things have happened.

I was raised in Irving, just across the river from Dallas.
Nov. 22, 1963, I was in the eighth grade, in the lunchroom, when a kid said the janitor had heard the president has been shot.
I've driven through the intersection at Dealy Plaza hundreds of times over the years. Walked all over the place.
I'm always fascinated by the people you see there almost any time of the day now, any day of the week.
There's a gun shop I know of that sells reloading equipment and supplies. Out of curiosity, I looked up the ammunition Oswald used and checked the shop to see if they carried that particular slug, it's an unusualy long, destinctive bullit..
They did carry it.
I had the fleeting urge to buy a box of them and scatter them around the grass for people to find, and just watch their reactions.
Can't decide if that would be funny or cruel.

ClarenceLeDearn
ClarenceLeDearn

@WalterAdams a senior policeman did that for a couple years in the early 80's.  He'd pick up shells at the firing range,  weather them.  Early on November 22nd he'd drive through Dealy Plaza,  scattering a couple on the right,   up by the grassy knoll,   drive through again and throw some on the left.   We'd congregate in the Records Building when the Court Clerk opened at 8 to have coffee and watch touristers on their hands and knees,  "Look,  Eloise,  I found ANOTHER one!"

 AP ran a mention of it,  figured we'd better cut it out.

WalterAdams
WalterAdams

@ClarenceLeDearn @WalterAdams I wondered if it had been done.
Mine wouldn't have had rifling marks, but how many would notice that?
Could lead to a Branch theory about Sabot rounds.
There is surely money to be made here, but I haven't got the ambition or a big enough hole in my principles to make a buck off deception.
It's a nice place to take an afternoons outing, stroll around the Plaza, then wander over to the West End and have dinner.
Never could get all that excited about the whole thing. The man is in the ground, everyone involved is either dead or soon will be.
Turn the page.

Yuuup
Yuuup

@WalterAdams @ClarenceLeDearn Yup, that's right "move along, nothing to see here." "Everyone is either dead or soon will be"- that's a great reason.  Ahhh, yeah, it's all old news, who cares.  Not like Kennedy was doing or about to do anything of any importance.  Nope, just some example of miracle marksmanship from some ol' crazy loon! LOL

ArxFerrum1
ArxFerrum1

I'll never buy that Oswald got off 3 shots, 2 hits and one bullseye in just under 6 seconds with an old bolt action rifle that was widely known for sticking and jamming. The new book written by that Aussie detective seems to have the best approach yet. 

WalterHelicopter
WalterHelicopter

There was definitely some synergy going on during the assassination...  completely different groups working together for completely different reasons.  The common thread to all of it is the Jews, just like it's the common thread to everything today.

Chosun1
Chosun1

If one is going to believe in a conspiracy, I always look for the smallest and most logical group.  I start by asking this question:  Who has the most to gain?  The answer is simple:  LBJ.  Given that the whole thing happened on LBJ's home turf in Texas, well, that just makes the conspiracy come together pretty nicely.  Doesn't it?  If it wasn't Oswald acting alone, then I'd be shocked if LBJ wasn't smack dab in the middle of the whole thing.  No, I don't think Kennedy was God's gift to America.  But I'm pretty certain that LBJ was Satan's spawn.

JTFloore
JTFloore

@Chosun1 it is utterly preposterous, just totally ludicrous to believe that LBJ had ANYTHING to do with JFK's assassination. people who actually believe that will fall for anything. literally anything.

JagPop
JagPop

Nothing to see here in this article, folks. Move along. Move along.

Article should have opened with this:

"Every momentous event in American history comes with its own corresponding conspiracy theory. They faked the moon landing. Edwin M. Stanton, Abraham Lincoln’s secretary of war, put John Wilkes Booth up to it. Barack Obama was cloned from the DNA of an Egyptian pharaoh, or born in Kenya. Or both!"

Then everyone could have saved themselves some time and not read any further.

Nothing to see here, folks. Move along.

ShellyBuchanan
ShellyBuchanan

I don't have time to read all the comments right now, but Oswald said he was a patsy? Good lord, no wonder people assume there was a cover-up. What else did he say about that? That seems like an unusual time to use that as a presumable excuse. Oh crud, I don't have time. Oh well.

contactjohn
contactjohn

Lets see Kennedy was going to 1. End the Federal Reserve Bank, 2. Break up the CIA, 3. Pull out of Vietnam, 4. Get rid of the Nukes starting with no nukes for Israel, 5. Make peace with the Russians, 6. Propose joint space exploration with the Russians, 7. End all wars as a way of settling differences... Sure Professor McAdams there was no conspiracy to kill John F Kennedy or Martin Luther King or Bobby Kennedy or Malcolm X and I guess we have to wait until you and your kind die off before we can finally hear the truth! But on a more mundane level; "Why was the Secret Service ordered off of the back of the limo as it entered Dealy Square or the head of Military Escorts for the President sent to New Zealand" or all those other questions that cannot be covered up any longer... how does a man like you sleep at night knowing that soon, you will have to face your own demons?

JagPop
JagPop

@contactjohn 

You left off: Stop WWIII

The Joint Chiefs Of Staff wanted it. Study The Cuban Missile Crisis and that will be clear to you. The assassination was just the next chapter in that Crisis - a crisis that was aimed at precipitating war with the USSR.

Oh yeah, planes launched towards Cuba on the day of the assassination but they were recalled.

roknsteve
roknsteve

Let's hear Prof. McAdams explain the Marine Oswald being 6' 1" tall and the Dallas Oswald being 5'9" tall.  And no the Marines didn't make a mistake because Oswald's family didn't even recognize him.    

ClarenceLeDearn
ClarenceLeDearn

I was a newsman covering Garrison.   Search the name,   Jim was stark raving nuts,  he never had anything.  Find the reports that women in the know stayed clear of Jim.   And he moved at warp-speed.   There are things you can take that make you do that.   Find the key witness,   even more nuts,   he fingerprinted everybody he saw so the CIA couldn't slip an imposter in.  The only possible theory I heard from Garrison was that a group of gay men in New Orleans felt threatened by JFK's masculinity.   I'm not kidding.   No,  I wasn't paid by the CIA (or anybody) to form that opinion.


I moved to Dallas in '73,  met some of the Deputies who had guarded Jack Ruby in the county jail.   They described him in words that were about the same,   childish,  not the kind of man you'd want involved in any conspiracy.


I've lived in Dallas since '73,   I've seen countless theories.   Not one is as credible as a loser who had screwed up everything up till then got lucky.

Maybe the best evidence was from one of the old Deputies.   "We can't keep quiet that the Chief Deputy is banging the new Clerk down on 2.   How the hell we gonna keep secret who murdered JFK?"


ericsaunders
ericsaunders

@ClarenceLeDearn So why did Guy Bannister pistol whip Jack Martin on the night of the assassination?  What was Lee Oswald doing at 544 Camp Street?  Why did Clay Shaw perjure himself about his relationship to the CIA?  The House Select Committee found that there was some kind of relationship between Oswald, Ferrie, and Shaw, but they couldn't get to the bottom of it.  Do you have a benign theory for this that you would like to share?

ClarenceLeDearn
ClarenceLeDearn

@ericsaunders @ClarenceLeDearn   This is from almost 50 years ago,  what I remember is Guy beat Martin up over running up the phone bill and not paying it,  or stealing case files, I heard both stories.   Oswald was a nut in a town full of 'em.  No idea what he was doing on Camp Street,  and Garrison never proved anything.  Perjury?   Shaw never testified,  the home-town Judge flatly said the NOPD who claimed he took Shaw's fingerprints,  Shaw said he was Clay Bertrand,  was flat-out lying.  Lying.   RE:  relationship.  Every nut in 64 Parishes was coming out of the woodwork.  My favorite was the Poor Man's Candidate for Governor,  who called me a day or two after Garrison started ... to confess that LBJ,  LHO,  Jack Ruby and Clay Shaw met him at a Baton Rouge hotel and paid him $1,000 to say nasty things about JFK.   He called back the next morning to confess he'd been arrested at 15 for breaking into penny gumball machines and did four years at Parchman Pen in Mississippi,  wanting to get that on the record before his political enemies smeared him with it.  (Alas,  Bro Clyde was shortly thereafter dispatched by a dairy farmer who came home early and caught him in the bed with his wife.)


I thought of the name of the sheer utter fruitcake who was Jim's big,  secret witness. 
There were others,  Russo,  who nobody believed,  including Judge Haggarty,   Vernon Bundy, a heroin addict, and Charles Spiesel.   For fun,  look up Spiesel.   Shaw was broke (he never recovered financially or physically),   a newsman friend told him he'd better scrape enough together to hire a detective on Spiesel.   The story got more hilarious by the minute,  Spiesel finger-printed his own daughter when she went to and came home from LSU to make sure an imposter hadn't been sent.  

One witness,  wonderfully named Sergio Archara Smith,  went to Texas to get out of Garrison's reach.  Or so he thought.   Garrison had his grand jury indict him for Possession of Heroin.  Gov. John Connally refused to extradite,   obviously he was part of the conspiracy also.

One memorable afternoon Jim was flying high,   stopped to announce that he'd solved it,  the shooters hid in the storm drains in Dealy Plaza.   A Dallas newsman shook his head,  Jim,  those drains are only ... I forget,  28,  24,  36 inches deep.   Garrison looked at him with a look that could kill,  "There are many many small people in this world who are very angry!"


Look,  solving the JFK assassination is lots of fun,   it's mental masturbation.   I covered Garrison,  I know many of the Dallas newsfolks who covered the story.   We've talked about it for decades.  Not a single one of them believes it was anything other than Oswald getting off two lucky shots.   



DeweySayenoff
DeweySayenoff

Here's a little microcosm of politics today: People believe what they want to believe and find "facts" to support their beliefs while rejecting facts from outside sources.

Now, think about that for a minute.

If all a person ever "believes" are "facts" that have been debunked, proven to be partially inaccurate or twisted to a certain bias or are simply not relevant but are made to SEEM so AND reject all other information (for whatever reason) regardless of it's validity, provability, repeatability or obvious standing, then that person has what is clinically known as a delusional worldview.

For example, one could say "the moon is made from green cheese", cite hundreds of films and cartoons that "prove" it is, cite all the nonsense that "proves" man never stepped foot on it (all of which has been debunked, by the way), and reject all arguments and evidence to the contrary.  To that person, reality says the moon is made from green cheese.  It's pure fiction, delusional, provable it isn't, but because all outside facts are rejected, the delusion persists.

Just keep this tendency on the part of your fellow man in mind as you argue politics - or half century old assassinations.  But remember, it's not necessarily your fellow man who's deluded.  It could be you're deluded by your own beliefs and belief reinforcement filters, too.  We all want to think we're the normal ones.  It ain't necessarily so.  In arguments like this, and politics, we either admit we're closed minded, plug our ears and say "la, la, la, la" or listen respectfully to the other side, and give it some thought.  

Because one thing is certain: Unless the other side is willing to listen to you in the first place, and think rationally and logically about what you said, there's no point to talking to them at all.

dlfrink
dlfrink

You don't need to be a conspiracy theorist to have serious doubts about the Warren Commission's conclusions. I was nine years old at the time, and even my nine year old brain knew something was pretty fishy when Jack Ruby shot Oswald.

JagPop
JagPop

@dlfrink

You were a pretty darn smart little squirt.

Me, minutes after I heard about the assassination, walking home from school with my little pals (I was eleven years old), I exclaimed, "There is going to be a war! This is going to start a war with Russia!"

Well, for decades afterwards I never believed war with Russia had anything to do with it. Funny how things go full circle, though. That intuition of that eleven year old (me) was straight on. The whole thing WAS about starting a war with the USSR. The assassination was just a continuation of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Joint Chiefs Of Staff were determined to have their war!

To make a very long story short, VP Johnson was brought into the plot, but late in the game. He double-crossed his fellow conspirators and stalemated the entire thing. Johnson was riding high in the saddle as President, he didn't want to be President of a country in the aftermath of WWIII. He had the goods on his fellow conspirators and they on him. Bobby Kennedy wanted the lone gunman theory because it would not play into the hands of the warmongers (and he was going to get his revenge once he, Bobby, was President). Also (here is the big one, and the lengthy part I am not going into) They had the goods on Bobby and JFK  (and it is NOT what you think, sorry, too long to explain right now) (Ok, during the Cuban Missile Crisis Khrushchev thought he could bluff us and send his ships across the line we had drawn in the sand. Khrushchev bragged about all those ICBM the USSR was turning out "like sausages". But we had a well placed spy and knew Khrushchev was playing poker with an empty hand. Kennedy let Khrushchev know about the spy (who was arrested on the seventh day of the Cuban Missile Crisis) and thus Khrushchev backed off. The Joint Chiefs WANTED Khrushchev to follow through on his bluff, the
USSR didn't YET have the fire power to match us. Kennedy outed one of our spies and this is what the Joint Chiefs had on the Kennedys).

Stalemate all around. In a sense, treacherous Johnson was also a hero, he blocked WWIII.

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